The Revolutionary War in America
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1. Examine British strategy during the course of the Revolutionary War, and through an examination of the northern and southern campaigns, explain how well it worked.
The main British war strategy was to isolate New England, which was the main colony where people who rebelled were staying. They intended to stay in New York and coordinate their activity with another army from South Canada for isolating New England from the other colonies of the New World (Boatner, 1966). Their success depended on a decisive plan of victory over the army, which was posted in Washington. At that time, Americans were busy organizing the council of war, while the British were still planning for inversion. The Council of America decided to make defensive war and ensure that all their food supply would be enough before the end of the war.
2. Examine American strategy during the course of the Revolutionary War, and through an examination of the northern and southern campaigns, explain how well it worked.
American strategy involved the deployment of guerilla warfare in different parts of the country. Americans managed to organize double riflemen. The British fought to capture them in a trap, but Americans had killed them before they organized it. The main war, which Americans developed against the British, was Cowpens, and it took place in the northern and southern states of the USA (Ward, 1952). During the war, the army was divided into two parts, which were made up of 1700 people before the war: General Green had 1100 soldiers, and General Morgan had 600 men. Morgan assumed that they would experience difficulties during the war. Therefore, he travelled with more men, who would match with number of people in the British army. The army was organized in a manner that would manage the British army, which was expected to attack from the front. The soldiers planned to retreat at the starting point of action, and they were arranged in two rows. They were only allowed to shoot at the opponents twice and then go to do other duties. The implementation was conducted by Guilford Court, which was opposed to the British General Cornwallis. The revenge started immediately when Morgan troops had already joined General Green in the north after the victory, which did not lead to any success. They won because the British did not seriously resist America (Mackesy & Shy, 1993). They acted stupidly, wasting more time to travel to Vermont in order to collect some very important supplies for their troops. They lacked food and horses that were very essential to keep them during the war and failed in the long run.
3. Discuss the problems faced by the Confederation Congress, and assess its handling of those problems.
The Confederation Congress faced the following problems: they could not raise enough money, had no capacity to control the trade in the region and implement international policy without inclusion in the free trade agreement of the nation.
Inability to Improve Weak Attendance by Delegates
The nine states’ quorum was available to ratify the agreement, which was formed in November 1783 and had remained unattended for too many weeks. This problem made certain congressmen contemplate the reason for the Congress, and this paralyzed the agenda of the Congress, which was used to end the war (Mackesy & Shy, 1993).
The State Refused to Give Money to the Treasury
The Government deliberately refused to send money to the treasury for the national use of citizens because of the large debt, which they had after the war. The country failed to comply with the policy, which was passed by the Congress and aimed to generate enough revenue to pay the public debt.
Inability to Control Commerce
The Congress had no authority to control the trade in the country. Therefore, it could not protect international trade. They were denied the power to regulate commerce for a short period of fifteen years. This made the Congress do very little in the business sector for both foreign and domestic trade.
4. Explain the basic provisions and the underlying principles of the Constitution of the United States.
The Constitution has the principle that people of the nation are the main source of power of the Government of America. Therefore, they have the power to vote and elect their own leaders. This right is given to people aged 18 and older and is controlled by them without the influence of the state.
Separation of Powers
The Government divides the power into three branches such as legislative, executive and judicial, each of which performs different functions for the state.
While the legislature has supreme power in a parliamentary system, the branches of the Government are independent and share only some powers between them (Ward, 1952).
Check and Balance
No organ of the Government can be above others, and this is constantly controlled by the use of check and balance.
The power is divided between the state governments and the national Government. Thus, specific self-governing powers are granted to the states, which limit the authority of the Government.
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