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Patients who are artificially ventilated develop complications in Nosocomial pneumonia. It stands in second position of the most common infections in Nosocomial in the US. It’s usually associated with extensive mortality and morbidity. These complications mostly affect infants, old persons past the age of 65 years, young children and persons with underlying severe diseases. Neither rate of recurrence nor key sequel has changed recently despite the progressive move which have been achieved in diagnosing and treatment of these complications. Therefore, before any preventive measure to nosocomial phenomenal undertaken there is need to asses it first. It’s a key approach to measure the outcome of these measures today. This is inspite the fact they have been proposed by therapeutic trials.
Currently, there are some proposed preventive measures of Nosocomial Pneumonia which include: some new measures are reduction in or pharyngeal and gastric migration by micro-organism pathogenic. Traditional measures such as decrease in a patient’s aspiration, ensuring that there is no lose hands contamination of personnel, respiratory therapy devices disinfection or steralization.Providing education to both staff and patients of the hospital. They are also playing part in the prevention of nosocomial pneumonia (Pierce, 1995). All of these measures are incorporated in the usual conservative prevention methods in nosocominal pneumonia infections. These conservative measures lie mainly under paradigm approaches to hygiene in hospital. Specifically these may be directed to good realistic methods in the process of caring for patients who are ventilated. These measures are like regular toilet to the respiratory and digestive pathways. Ventilator material care and abstinenance from ventilation tubing change during the stay.
There a certain number of measures which are suggested specifically as a forward move towards prevention of pneumonias. In the sense that pneumonia can be go to extends of life threatening, the suggested measures include; Use of vaccines, they help in prevention of both pneumonia and flu as well as all cases of infection. The available vaccines last for at least 5 years in adults and are highly recommended for people who are 65 years old or older, person’s with chronic deceases such as weak immune systems, HIV/AIDS asthma etc. These vaccines are of different types influenza, which prevents flu for 1 year helps prevent pneumonia because before a person’s gets pneumonia flu is the fist complication.Hib vaccine recommended for children under the age of 5 years, Maintainance of an immune system in a person through plenty of rest physical activates and following of a healthy diet is also part of the suggested measure in prevention of pneumonia (Company, 1922). There has been careful decontamination in the digestive system although much attention has not been put on it. The sitting positions use of oscillating beds and use of sucralfate in the process of stress ulcers prevention has been need to be applied.
Therefore, today all absolute assessment methods or techniques used differently in the prevention process of acquired neuropathy throughout the ventilation lies above all on very simple measures. These measures relatively cost very little and essentially they are careful on the upper digestive and respiratory apparatus. Use of semi sitting positions and at the same time use of well positioned semi gastric tubes can help in out in the tracheal aspiration and in physiotherapy. This usually assures effective drainage in secretions to persons who have developed these complications. Therefore, all these measures ensure basic and good care to all patients who have these ventilated complications (Jarvis, 2000). It’s very clear that between the traditional and modern methods which are currently under investigation, the all aim at trying to minimise the nosocomunial pneumonia complications to young children, low immunize persons and 65 years old or older adults. These groups are highly prone in developing these complications.
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