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Each life stage can be characterized as hard and complicated, as one faces different problems that cause stressful condition. In order to learn more about sensations that stress causes, psychologists create different scales of stress measurement. Measurement of stress can help to understand reasons and the effects of stress on disease. Social readjustment scale shows the exact reflection of stress levels, but it does not include differences between social strata and different cultural backgrounds.
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Firstly, there are various measures of stress, but the most popular are physiological and life events measures. Physiological measures take into account blood pressure, heart rate, galvanic skin response, and secretion of hormones (Brannon & Feist, 2010). People’s reactions change in accordance with emotional and social circumstances. This kind of measures is good, as special devices can be used to rate resistance to stress. Anyway, these devices may also cause stress (Brannon & Feist, 2010).
Secondly, the social readjustment rating scale (SRRS) is used nowadays as an example of stress immnity indicators. They were invented by Thomas H. Holmes and Richard Rahe in 1967 (Holes & Rahe, 1967). This scale consists of 43 points that include the most common life events. Death of a spouse is on the highest position in the scale and minor violations of the law on the lowest. One supposes that these two issues cannot be always at the same level. Stress ratings depend on the age and social position of man. Changes in schools or colleges and change in social activities should stand on the first places of the table. Marriage is in the middle of the list, but, for every girl, it should be on the first place. Divorce can stand on different levels of the list; treatment to this event depends on the person’s character and his nervous system. For parents, son`s or daughter`s leaving home should get forty points, as children for them are the most important in their lives.
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The Social Readjustment Rating Scale identifies to seventy percent of real causes of stress as an average human is taken. There are different degrees of stress related with various individuals; social indicators divide people in accordance with age, social position, material position, and culturral backgrounds. For example, youth gives maximal rating to everything, what happens in their lives, because of that, each event can cause the depression, and stressful feelings can be the result of that event. As adults live for their children, hard life events in their children’s life can cause higher degree of stress than life events in their own lives. Representatives of different social strata have different reasons for stress. Absence of food and place for living can become the reason for degradation progress when higher classes even do not worry over nothing at all. Individuals are divided on resistant and mentally unbalanced by social standards. Resistance to stress can also differ due to man’s place of work – when one has a lot of stressful situations at work, one becomes upset for nothing.
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In conclusion, the social readjustment scale does not show the exact reflection of stress levels. People have different appraisal of the environment situation and the tactics of an appropriate behavior. Individuals from different social strata, which have various cultural backgrounds and humans of different age, have distinct attitude to life events.
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