Free «Columbus, Indiana: An Account of Changes» UK Essay Paper
Having moved from the rusty Indianapolis to a picturesque Columbus, Bartholomew County, Indiana, my family has been residing in this township for the last 12 years. Accordingly, I have become rather knowledgeable of Columbus’s lore and recent developments, so that my narrative of the city’s changes is based primarily on personal recollections and empiric studies.
Columbus is famous for its architectural attractions that were further enhanced due to the township’s promotion by J. Irwin Miller. The latter was the chief executive officer at Cummins Engine, Columbus’s principal employer, in the 1970s, and both preservation of the city’s architectural legacy and the construction of its novel modernist buildings generally owe to his interventions (Mote, 2005, p.7). As Columbus’s relative fame and well-being is dependent on Cummins Engine and similar companies, it is no wonder that its citizens and local authorities greatly appreciate their investments.
Arguably Columbus has not changed much since 2000, as the town’s unique architecture is what holds it in high esteem among the tourists both from the U.S. and abroad. While there has been some extensive construction works in the peripheral streets, the historical center of Columbus, together with the 1970s wards, remains as it was. However, the city has undergone significant refurbishment of some of its industrialized areas, with the closing of certain auto works that used to define their landscapes. In this way, Columbus was subjected to the industrial decline phenomena so typical for the U.S. Midwest.
On the other hand, Columbus’s industrial outreaches have suffered from the impact of the 2000s manufacture outsourcing and the Great Recession. While Cummins Engine retains the status of the township’s largest employer, Arvin Industries, Inc., which used to be a number second most influential company in the city, merged with Meritor Automotive, Inc. in 2000, relocating its headquarters to Troy, Michigan (“Arvin-Meritor, Inc.,” History, 2006). Together with the layoffs from Cummins’ auto factories, this facilitated rather significant job losses at Columbus and led the city to turn to more service-based model
In 2000, the population of Columbus comprised some 39,059 people, with the total of 15,985 households (U.S. Census Bureau, 2000). According to the data presented in 2010, the population growth totaled 12.8%, with 44,061 persons residing in the city (“Columbus, Indiana,” n.d.). Estimated median household income has risen accordingly, reaching the mark of $46,598 in 2009, as opposed to $41,723 in 2000. As to the estimated per capita income, in 2009 this attribute was equal to $27,565 (“Columbus, Indiana,” n.d.). These figures seem to be average for the state of Indiana as a whole.
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On the other hand, poverty rates seem to be on increase. Whereas in 2000 a total poverty rate in Columbus approximated 6.5%, as of 2009 11.2% of Columbus’s residents lived in poverty (“Columbus, Indiana,” n.d.). This development represents a rather serious problem for our township, and I believe urgent measures to tackle it should be taken at once.
High education and enrollment rates for Columbus lie within median levels for the U.S., while somewhat exceeding them. In the mid-2000s, about 83.8% of the Bartholomew County population older than 25 (where Columbus itself is situated) held high school diploma, which was in line with the national average. In the early 2010s, this variable rose to 88.42%, exceeding the U.S. median level (“Columbus Education Level Profile and Enrollment Statistics,” n.d.). Together with a sizable college enrolment, this makes Columbus one of Indiana’s cities renowned for their educational capacities.
Columbus is famous for its historical landmarks, such as the First Baptist Church, Irwin Union Bank, the Miller House, or the First Christian Church. The historical center of the city serves as the major point for tourists’ attractions, and Columbus’s most prominent feature. Despite all possible changes and problems to come, this is what makes Columbus such a special place that I love to live in.
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