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Nursing

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Introduction

The population group for this research consists of people belonging to Australian community having different professions, social status and age and living in different conditions that is why they have different access to healthcare services. Some of them attend only public healthcare organizations because of lack of money; others attend only private healthcare organizations as they can afford it. The main healthcare problems of the population group are diabetes, Parkinson's disease and cancer. This paper studies the impact of psychological, social and cultural conditions on the health of the individual, family and the role of a nurse in healthcare Australian system.

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Part A. Impact of Mental Diseases on the Individual

Speaking about mental health diseases, it is necessary to say that these diseases have a psychological, cultural and social impact on the state of the individual.  The individual suffers psychologically as he/she feels tired, hopeless, angry, pessimistic, slow, irritable, unhappy, anxious, and sad. Mental diseases are accompanied by depression and stresses as a result even after treatment an individual feels alienable and does not develop culturally. Finally, an individual undergoes social exclusion and it means that he/she is not able to engage in sharing of cultural and social activities (Huxley & Thornicroft 2003, p. 290).

Taking of medicines, changes in mood, headache, fatigue and irritation can lead to the desire of isolation from the whole community.  It means that people with mental diseases begin to dissocialize and as a result, they avoid communication and their mental health is accompanied by anxiety, fear and changes in mood. Mental diseases destroy an individual physically, morally and psychologically. They lose the sense of life and try to avoid communication; advice and anything for bringing them to life can end with more disappointment and depression. Isolation is what people with mental disease need as they are completely in thoughts about their life and have no forces and desire to fight (Sayce 2001:121).

Social exclusion of an individual with the mental diseases is done by him/her and by people who surround him/her. It means that the most efficient way to help such an individual is to give him/her a psychological help. A psychologist can help to overcome fear, panic and depression of a patient with mental disease. Besides, an individual should develop culturally with the help of art therapy. Music and painting therapy are the ways to socialization of an individual with mental disease (Arnold & Boggs 2006, p. 15).

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Part B. Impact of Mental Diseases on the Family

When an individual has a mental disease and lives with his/her family, it means that all members are involved in the struggle against this disease. As a result, not only a sick person but also the whole family can suffer from the unstable health state of their close person. Mental disease has a negative impact on the psychological state of all members of the family and they can feel themselves as badly as a sick person him/herself. They can be irritated, have shifts in mood and be aggressive, furious and depressive. It means that the family that has a close person suffering from mental disease should also have psychological consultations and undergo the art therapy.

Mental disease has a negative impact on the cultural life of all members of the family as they should spend much time with their close person forgetting about leisure and cultural activities. They should devote their free time to observing and controlling a sick person in order to prevent him/her from committing a suicide. For example, this is a sick child; parents try to find all possible and impossible ways for helping him/her. They are in despair and the only thing they are interested in is medicine. Families having a sick child also look alienable and far from reality. They are pessimistic about their future and have no plans and no life priorrities (Mehrotra & Wagner 2008, p. 16).

Mental disease has a negative impact on the social life of all members of the family as they devote much time to their sick relative and are not eager to communicate with other people. The community sees people with mental diseases in a stereotypical way: some people especially who deal with this problem sympathize, some mock and laugh and others are absolutely indifferent. As a result, parents of a child with a mental disease try to dissocialize and avoid integration with the community.  They are isolated together with their child and they also need psychotherapy and medication for returning to a normal lifestyle (Whitebourne 2012:34).

Part C. Population Impact

Speaking about interrelations of individuals with mental diseases with the population, it is necessary to say that in general the population is indifferent to those who suffer from mental diseases. However, indeed the community should be involved in the help of people with manic depression, stresses and mental deviation. This is the indifference of the community that makes sick people feel worse, unnecessary, isolated and alienable. People with mental diseases undergo health inequalities, especially when they are lonely and have no families. When they want to find a job, they get refusals without giving them any chance for trying themselves in any affair. People with mental diseases want to feel themselves necessary for the community but the community does not accept them (Ulman & Dachiner 1975, p. 45).

Non-work social activities like leisure and entertainment are also not available for the sick people or there are some isolated places appointed for them. However, people with mental diseases should socialize and feel themselves as a part of the community. Non-work social activities can reinforce their emotional well-being and the community's identity. People with mental diseases need not only psychological help but moral, social and cultural one (Sayce 2001, p. 122).

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