Free «Comparative Socio-Demographic Analysis of El Monte» UK Essay Paper
Table of Contents
El Monte is a residential, commercial, and industrial city in Los Angeles County, California. According to the 2010 census results, its population was more than 113,000 residents, who made El Monte the 51st largest Californian town and 228th largest city in the United States. It lies in the region of San Gabriel Valley to the east of Los Angeles and sits in between two rivers — San Gabriel and Rio Hondo. The area is rich with agricultural activities courtesy of the two rivers. The word El Monte is of Spanish origin and means ‘meadow’ or ‘the wooded place.’ The city is approximately 7 miles long and 4 miles wide (Barton & El, 2006). This paper seeks to explicitly compare the present socio-demographic factors of El Monte and how they have changed over the last ten years.
The population of El Monte has significantly changed between the last two censuses. In 2000, the total amount of persons in the age category 0-4 was 11,563. However, the number of individuals in the same age group significantly reduced to 8993 in the 2010 census. This drop represents a 22 percent decline. Secondly, in the 2000 census, there were 27,981 representatives of the age category 5-7 while after ten years this number decreased to 23,242. This reduction represented 16.94 percent. Over a period of 10 years, the total amount of individuals between 18-64 years increased by about 3 percent to 70,644 people. Lastly, the number of persons aged 65 and above significantly increased by 32.28 percent between 2000 and 2010 (Bettin & Lucchetti, 2016). The reasons for these changes in the age rely heavily on nutrition methods as well as parental guidelines and government measures to control population growth.
Over the period of 10 years, gender has experienced substantial changes. The city has more males compared to females. In the 2013 census, males led with a 50.7 percentage followed by women with 49.3 percent. On the contrary, in the poll, women represented 49.7 percent whereas men were leading with 50.23 percent. The significant decrease could have been brought about by high mortality among the two genders (Baumont, 2009). Also, lifestyle diseases are on the rise, and, hence, the trend of gender reduction is set to continue decreasing in the coming years.
According to the 2010 census results, the racial makeup of El Monte constituted 69 percent Hispanics. Secondly, it had 38.8 percent whites followed by 25.1 percent of Asians. Also, 1 percent was Native Americans. Besides, 0.8 percent constituted African Americans, 0.1 percent was Pacific Islanders. Also, 31.0 percent were from ther races, and, lastly, 3.2 percent were from other two or more races. Of the ethnic communities, only Asians and Whites showed some form of growth from 2000 to 2010. All other groups recorded significant drops in their populations. This decline attributes to migration into other countries in search of better services and job opportunities. Also, the rise of Asian population results from the successful entrepreneurial ventures. After becoming successful, they usually attract their tribe members to join them (Dauth, 2013).
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The families in El Monte had various structures that made them. Over the years, the trends in family structures remained almost the same, but some of them experienced significant changes. The majority of the homes were made up of heterosexual married couples who comprised 64.3 percent of the total population in the city. The female–headed families, which constituted 22.3 percent, were distantly following, and the unmarried couples of the opposite sex comprised 7.2 percent. Also, the single parent male-headed households consisted of 5.6 percent of the total population. A minority group referred to as the other families’ tail with a percentage of 0.4. Over the years, some groups such as female-headed households have significantly grown into higher rates. The primary reason behind the rise is the women’s desire to lead single lives but with kids. The independence of the modern women is the main facilitator of this increase. Besides, the rising trend in the number of divorce cases has significantly contributed to the rise. The period has seen an increase in a group of same-sex couples. This growth could be greatly attributed to the legalization of homosexual marriages (Baumont, 2013).
Income and Poverty
The city’s per capita income was 47 percent lower than the national average. The percentage is significantly higher than it was ten years ago where it stood at 42 percent. Secondly, the median household income is 21 percent lower than that of the national average. The case was different ten years ago when it stood at 16 percent in 2005. It rose following the few employment opportunities and rising cost of living. When discussed along gender, the rate of income shows varying results. Male median earnings stood at 41 percent higher than that of females. The discrepancy attributes to engagement in various income generating activities by men such as working in industries, vast farms in the suburb regions as well as business activities. This parameter has not experienced significant changes as ten years ago the rate was 35 percent. Also, the level of unemployment is 37 percent higher than the national average. Many people in El Monte are unemployed due to low academic levels and few job opportunities. The percentage is high compared to 10 years ago when it stood at 12 percent. Lastly, El Monte has a poverty index that is 53 percent higher than the national average (Bettin & Lucchetti, 2016). Unemployment and low educational standards are the major contributors to the high poverty index, a problem that has significantly grown over the past ten years.
The housing patterns in El Monte have seen significant improvements. It offers several housing programs specifically designed to assist its residents with maintaining decent, clean, and safe living environments as well as creating homeownership opportunities that are affordable to all. The government has set these programs to assist the residents of the city. The trend was different several years ago when home ownership was a solely an individuals’ plan and organization. Housing was a problem, and, due to the low economic strengths, people resorted to establishing slums. There was no plan to streamline the housing patterns. However, socio-economic orientations during planning made it possible to have specific locations set aside for inhabitation by the wealthy and others for the poor (Baumont, 2013).
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The employment patterns in El Monte have changed over the years. The rate of unemployment stands at 54 percent. Besides, the ratio of open job opportunities to the unemployed persons is 1:3. Currently, the top three highest employers are hospitality, tourism, and travel, health care as well as retail and wholesale jobs. On the contrary, ten years ago, employment patterns were high. People usually secured employment faster, and payment rates were high. Due to a large number of job seekers, job opportunities are few. The work pattern has led to the rise of criminal activities (Barton & El, 2006).
In conclusion, El Monte has faced significant changed in its socio-demographic factors. Age has witnessed several changes where some age brackets have recorded a rise in their population whereas others have dropped. Secondly, gender has noted a constant trend with women taking the second position while men are leading regarding numbers. Thirdly, ethnicity has recorded general reduction in almost all groups apart from Asians and Whites. On the other hand, the family structure has seen substantial changes over the period of 10 years. Gay and lesbian marriages have been on the rise. Women led families have also recorded an increase in percentage. Also, housing patterns, income, and poverty levels have recorded a drop over the period. Finally, unemployment rates have significantly increased with many being unemployed due to reduced job opportunities.
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