Free «Gulf Countries» UK Essay Paper
Table of Contents
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- Doha as an Example of a Zone of Foreign Matter
- Riyadh in Saudi Arabia as an Example of a Zone of Local Matter
- Connections/Relationship between the Two Zones
- Problem Faced by the Immigrant Labor in Gulf Countries
- Ways of Addressing the Problems
- Related Free Society Essays
The Gulf countries are known for strict conservative Islamic culture that has little or no room for foreign values. The states do not provide favorable conditions to the foreign population, as they will always find themselves on the wrong side of the law, and the punitive measures implemented to ensure adherence to the law are very harsh. However, while some of the countries and cities maintain their conservative culture, others have admitted to be more liberal, and this means that they have incorporated certain Western values to accommodate the foreigners. Besides, this trend has been evident in those metropolitan areas that act as the hubs of regional and international trade whereby there is an influx of international investors and shoppers. Therefore, the trend has led to the rise of particular cities as zones of foreign matter while some remain zones of local matter, and since both of them are related, it is worth noting that immigrant labor force faces numerous problems in the Gulf, but there exist possible solutions to be adopted.
Doha as an Example of a Zone of Foreign Matter
Doha in Qatar is a home to many foreigners that contributes to its status of a zone of foreign matter as depicted by the demographic features. Firstly, Qatar is a small country with a population of about 250,000 citizens and over one million foreigners from various parts of the world but mostly from India and Nepal; hence, out of every four people, at least three are aliens (Gardiner, 2012). Secondly, the proportion of foreigners to locals displaces the idea of the relations between the majority and the minority as the former have dominated the public space (Gardiner, 2012). Lastly, there is a significant level of naturalization of foreigners hence making the population heterogeneous (Gardiner, 2012). Regarding the provided information, demography in Qatar, Doha proves it to be the zone of foreign matter.
The cultural changes in Doha, Qatar also manifest the element of a zone of foreign matter. Primarily, Doha City offers investment opportunities to foreigners by allowing them to own property in a designated business center known as Pearl Qatar (Gardiner, 2012). Additionally, the culture in Doha and generally in Qatar has incorporated alien values. Moreover, there are numerous architectural designs for hotels and museums, which are focused on foreigners (Gardiner, 2012). Besides, some events that occur in Doha signify the Western culture; these include professional tennis matches, football, boat race, and the Doha Tribeca International Film Festival among others (Gardiner, 2012). Finally, the State of Qatar procures items symbolizing a cosmopolitan culture and a modern image targeting the outside world to show the benevolence of the ruling family (Gardiner, 2012). Furthermore, another distinctive feature is the transfer of wealth from state to the people through the public sector. Some hotels have licenses to sell beer while there are secluded places for non-Muslim women to wear the Western attire such as bikinis. The development of shopping centers and malls depict the consumerism culture associated with capitalism from the West.
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Riyadh in Saudi Arabia as an Example of a Zone of Local Matter
Riyadh is the capital city of Saudi Arabia that belongs to the number of Gulf countries. In this metropolis like in the rest of Saudi Arabia, there is an element of the zone of local matter based on the strict Islamic religion and Islamic way of life (Ezzi, Teal, & Izzo, 2014). The first attribute is that in Saudi Arabia, the Quran is the Constitution, and this forms the Islamic Code of Conduct that compels all people to abide by the Muslim requirements in their everyday routine. The second feature of the city and the country as a whole is that the population is to a large extent Islamic since the Sunni Muslim is practiced by 99% of the residents (Ezzi, Teal, & Izzo, 2014). The third hallmark is the gender segregation, which is manifested within the framework of employment and in the social context. Thus, women cannot do some jobs and there are certain places that females cannot attend or contribute to; this means that a woman in the Saudi community is lesser than a man. The fourth characteristic is the Islamic way of life; hence, people are supposed to adopt an Islamic lifestyle by default, and the Islamic norms are predominant (Ezzi, Teal, & Izzo, 2014). The fifth attribute is that the capital city and Saudi Arabia at large do not tolerate Western values and practices; for instance, drinking and mixed parties are illegal in the territory (Ezzi, Teal, & Izzo, 2014). Consequently, unlike Doha where big hotels hold licenses for selling beer, the latter is not admissible in Saudi Arabia. In addition, women have to wear veils and cover themselves in front of men, since the country is strict with respect to the way humans dress. Lastly, females have no authority to walk alone, and they must be escorted by males wherever they go (Ezzi, Teal, & Izzo, 2014). Therefore, this status manifests a condition that women are inferior and need men to take care of them. Regarding the information provided, there is enough evidence that Riyadh and the rest of Saudi Arabia constitute a zone of local matter due to rigidity towards change.
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Connections/Relationship between the Two Zones
Despite being included to different zones, Riyadh and Doha are connected. Firstly, there is a relationship based on religion. Qatar and Saudi Arabia are the Asian countries dominated by Islamic religion; thus, Doha and Riyadh are like sister states. However, the former has a more liberal religious stance compared to the latter. Secondly, Qatar and Saudi Arabia belong to the Gulf countries, which are major exporters of oil, and this forms a significant portion of their wealth. In that respect, there is a connection between Doha and Qatar regarding the status of being the Gulf countries. The Gulf States have formed a joint organization known as the Gulf Cooperation Council that forges unity between the member countries concerning cohesion, environmental, social, cultural, economic and scientific cooperation. The presence of the Gulf headquarters in Riyadh further enhances the association between Riyadh and Doha since Doha reports to Riyadh on the issues negotiated by the agreement. Consequently, it is evident that Doha and Riyadh have a close relationship and may be viewed as sister states.
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Problem Faced by the Immigrant Labor in Gulf Countries
The foreigners who work in these countries encounter numerous challenges. Firstly, there is the segregation in the residential areas whereby the locals prevent the aliens from mingling with them in residential districts. Notwithstanding, this becomes an obstacle for the immigrants since they appear to be deprived of the right to live where they want as well as of free movement. Secondly, in some places such as recreational areas or family parks where people are entertained foreigners are secluded, and this makes them feel as outcasts. Thirdly, the alien workers face the problem of denial of investment opportunities, as these countries do not allow free ownership of land and other forms of property. Fourthly, the immigrant employees lack the freedom to express their culture since they are made subject to the Islamic laws, for instance, women may be forced to dress in Islamic dresses and veils. The fifth issue is the violation of individual life choices such as leisure because the countries may prohibit certain behavior, in particular drinking beer. Lastly, the workers may suffer from human rights abuse through punitive penalties and unfair trial for the infringement of the national laws. As a result, foreign employees may have a hard time living in these states.
Ways of Addressing the Problems
Various ways of addressing the aforementioned problem may be suggested to reduce sufferings that the foreign workers undergo in the Gulf countries. Doha in Qatar provides an example to other Gulf cities. Firstly, the urban areas should designate regions where foreigners have the freedom to invest so that they could improve their lives. Secondly, the countries should permit of some alien values in order to give foreigners a chance to practice their culture through particular events such as games and shows. Thirdly, the states should also moderate the religious beliefs to tolerate those who do not follow Islam or Radical Islam. Finally, the countries should ensure that they provide hotels and other recreational areas for foreigners so that the latter could use desired services in such places. Therefore, if the Gulf countries take the steps mentioned, the foreign workers will enjoy staying there.
The Gulf countries are on record for hard and strict conformity requirements to the Islam religion that poses challenges foe foreigners. Notwithstanding, certain states have moderated their religion and culture to accommodate alien population, but others remain tough on the issue. Some cities are zones of foreign matter while others are zones of local matter. Even though both categories have a close relationship, foreign workers suffer in the Gulf, but there is an efficient solution to the problem. Doha belongs to a foreign matter zone due to its vast acceptance of foreign values while Riyadh is a typical local matter zone owing to the rigid rules. The two zones are interconnected given that both are oil producing areas as well as members of the Gulf Cooperation Council. Nevertheless, foreign immigrants face numerous challenges in the Gulf, which relate to the tough Islamic laws and discrimination. However, greater religious tolerance can help alleviate the problem. Consequently, whereas the Gulf is notorious for segregation and oppression of foreigners, some countries have showed a good example by moderation of religion, and others should follow suit.
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